Lesson 95 Television Day:Stonehenge
The circle of stones that can be seen at Stonehenge on the Salisbury Plain in England
is one of the oldest and most mysterious monuments in the world
The monument was probably put up between 1800 B.C. and 1400 B.C.
When it was completed it consisted of a double circle of stones,
with two more groups of stones outside the circles.
Many of the stones used in this monument
must have been transported over 250 miles to Stonehenge.
Single stones,some of them weighing about four tons,
must have been sent on rivers and rolled over land on tree trunks.
They can't have been carried!
The men who moved the stone didn't have wheels or horses.
Each stone had to be moved by hand and placed in position.
They were fitted together with great technical skill
There are many theories about the purpose of the stones.
Stonehenge was certainly a meeting-place.
The stones have been arranged in a particular way to mark sunrise and sunset
at certain times during the year.
This may have been a place of worship of the sun and also an observatory.
One interesting theory suggests
that the stones were some kind of computer
which was used to predict eclipses of the sun and moon.